||Thin Plastic Bags
||Thick Plastic Bags
||LDPE Plastic #4 (Under 50 microns)
||HDPE Plastic #2
||Newsprint (a low-grade, machine-finished paper made from wood pulp )
||Made from spun, bonded, non-woven polypropylene. (A flexible resin polymer used to make rope, chairs and the tops of Tic-Tac boxes)
||Cotton, canvas, Jute etc
||Very High. Water proof, strong enough for a one time use. Ideal to carry/store messy items. Easily available.
||Very High. Durable, water proof and air proof.
||Not convenient. Only for light goods. Tear when wet.
||Sturdy and durable. Can be wiped clean.Soft and permeable by air.
||Strong and durable. Can be washed.
||20-30 paise per bag. Free for consumers
||60p – Rs.5
|| Rs 2 – 5 per bag
|| Rs 10 per bag
||Min Rs 40 per bag
||Slowly gaining popularity. Attractive, look like cloth bags.
||Used to be popular before the advent of plastic bags. Still widely used in smaller towns.
||No, they are photo-degradable.
||No (except come variants)
||Low on energy use as compared to paper and cloth. But thicker and heavier the bag, more the resources used.
||Very high. Heavy burden on forests and water bodies.
||Higher than plastic bags
||Very high. Made from a high water consumption crop. Involves intensive use of pesticides and insecticides.
|Time taken for Decomposition
||500 to 1000 years
||Few weeks to a couple of months
||1-5 years depending on quality and thickness
||Yes. Can be reused 4-5 times
||Yes. Several times.
||Not very durable for reuse.
||Yes, very durable.
||Highly reusable. Only downside is that there are hygiene issues due to moisture retention.
||No recycle value for rag-pickers. Can be made into plarn (plastic yarn) and woven
||Yes. High resale value. Also recycled by paper mills.
||Choke drains, plants, animals. Litter roads and water bodies. Consume a non-renewable resource.
||Manufacture uses oil, causes air, water pollution. Form a large non degradable component of solid waste. Choke drains and animals
||Earth-friendly as a waste material. But production takes a heavy toll on forests.
||Not determined yet. Same hazards as plastic. but do not choke drains as they are permeable.
||Earth-friendly as a waste material. But production is energy and water intensive.